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酒精在胃里是怎么被消化吸收的?

來源:http://www.lassdirect.com/
日期:2022-04-06

酒,特別是烈性酒,一般通過口腔、食管、胃、腸粘膜等吸收到體內的各種組織器宮中,并于5min即可出現于血液中,待到30—60min時,血液中的酒精濃度就可達到至高點??崭癸嬀票蕊柛箷r的吸收率要高得多。其中胃可吸收10-20%的酒,小腸吸收75-80%。一次飲用的酒60%于一小時內吸收,兩小時可全部吸收。

Liquor, especially strong liquor, is generally absorbed into various tissue organs in the body through the oral cavity, esophagus, stomach and intestinal mucosa, and can appear in the blood in 5 minutes. When it reaches 30-60 minutes, the alcohol concentration in the blood can reach the highest point. The absorption rate of drinking on an empty stomach is much higher than that on a full stomach. The stomach can absorb 10-20% of wine and the small intestine can absorb 75-80%. 60% of the wine consumed at one time can be absorbed within one hour and all can be absorbed within two hours.
酒精在人體內氧化和排泄速度緩慢,所以被吸收后積聚在血液和各組織中(腦組織中的酒精濃度是血液酒精濃度的10倍)。絕大多數酒精主要在肝臟中代謝,只有很少的量(約2%~10%)酒精沒有氧化直接經腎從尿中排出或經肺從呼吸道呼出或經皮膚汗腺隨蒸發排除。因此一個人呼出氣體的酒精濃度遠遠低于體內實際酒精的濃度。
Alcohol is oxidized and excreted slowly in the human body, so it accumulates in the blood and tissues after being absorbed (the alcohol concentration in brain tissue is 10 times that in blood). Most alcohol is mainly metabolized in the liver, and only a small amount (about 2% ~ 10%) of alcohol is not oxidized. It is directly discharged from the urine through the kidney, exhaled from the respiratory tract through the lung, or evaporated through the skin sweat gland. Therefore, the alcohol concentration of a person's exhaled gas is far lower than the actual alcohol concentration in the body.
酒精代謝過程中,還會伴隨發生NADH與NAD的比例改變(NAD是一個輔助因子和氫接受體)、半乳糖耐量減低,甘油三酯合成增加,脂質過氧化增加等復雜變化,所以臨床上曾有飲酒后的低血糖癥及痛風病發作情況,而往往長期飲酒過量者甘油三酯水平高。
In the process of alcohol metabolism, it will also be accompanied by the change of the ratio of NADH to NAD (NAD is a cofactor and hydrogen acceptor), the decrease of galactose tolerance, the increase of triglyceride synthesis, the increase of lipid peroxidation and other complex changes. Therefore, clinically, there have been episodes of hypoglycemia and gout after drinking, and the triglyceride level of people who drink too much for a long time is often high.
下面,詳細介紹酒精的吸收、代謝過程。
Next, the absorption and metabolism of alcohol are introduced in detail.
一:酒精在胃中的吸收。
1: Absorption of alcohol in the stomach.
1.酒的度數越高吸收速度越快。
1. The higher the degree of alcohol, the faster the absorption rate.
(1)酒精濃度低于10%以下的酒,由于酒被胃液稀釋吸收少;
(1) When the alcohol concentration is less than 10%, the alcohol is diluted and absorbed less by gastric juice;
(2)含酒精15%~30%的酒精性飲料吸收速度更快
(2) Alcoholic beverages containing 15% ~ 30% alcohol absorb faster
(3)30%以上可引起胃粘膜出血和糜爛。
(3) More than 30% can cause bleeding and erosion of gastric mucosa.
2.不同的酒,吸收速度不一樣。
2. Different wines have different absorption rates.
(1)白酒是發酵酒,酒精以外的成分可減緩胃的運動和血流,使酒的吸收延遲;
(1) Baijiu is a fermented wine. Alcohol other than alcohol can slow down the movement and blood flow of the stomach and delay the absorption of alcohol.
(2)啤酒是發泡酒含有CO2氣體,刺激胃運動,讓向小腸的移行、吸收速度更快。
(2) Beer is a sparkling wine. It contains CO2 gas, which stimulates the movement of the stomach and makes the migration and absorption to the small intestine faster.
對策:飲酒時飲用白水(非茶水)可以降低胃內酒精的濃度,減少酒精的吸收。
Countermeasures: drinking white water (not tea) can reduce the concentration of alcohol in the stomach and reduce the absorption of alcohol.
3.食物影響酒精的吸收。
3. Food affects the absorption of alcohol.
胃內的食物像海綿一樣,吸收大量的酒精降低了胃內酒精濃度,減少與胃粘膜的接觸,酒精向小腸轉移減慢,使酒精吸收延遲。食物的種類也有影響,與蛋白質、糖、脂肪比例適當的牛奶混合食用,酒精的吸收速度減慢,固體食物比液體食物排泄延遲,故酒精的吸收也緩慢。
Like a sponge, the food in the stomach absorbs a large amount of alcohol, reduces the alcohol concentration in the stomach, reduces the contact with the gastric mucosa, slows down the transfer of alcohol to the small intestine, and delays the absorption of alcohol. The type of food also has an impact. When mixed with milk with an appropriate proportion of protein, sugar and fat, the absorption rate of alcohol slows down, and the excretion of solid food is delayed compared with liquid food, so the absorption of alcohol is also slow.
對策:在飲酒前吃一些食物尤其植物性食物墊底可以減少酒精的傷害。
Countermeasures: eating some food before drinking, especially plant food, can reduce the harm of alcohol.
以上就是為大家介紹的有關散酒代理加盟的詳細介紹,希望對您有所幫助.如果您有什么疑問的話,歡迎聯系我們.我們將以專業的態度,為您提供服務http://www.lassdirect.com
The above is a detailed introduction about the joining of bulk liquor agents. I hope it will be helpful to you If you have any questions, please contact us We will provide you with professional service http://www.lassdirect.com

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